Instructional Design Models

An instructional design model is a systematic set of instructions for developing instructional materials. The models are designed so that materials have high quality and that each step in the process follows a set of guidelines/requirements. There are many ISD models, which include Dick and Carey and Morrison Ross & Kemp, ADDIE, ASSURE, etc. In my opinion, ADDIE tends to be the most popular in both the educational and corporate worlds. Below is a quick run down of two models and a very high level description of each step within that process.



Analysis – Includes conducting a need/front end/gap analysis to analyze requirements, cost, learners, resources available, timeline, and developing a course of action

Design – Develop instructional objectives, strategy to present objectives, assessment items for each objective

Devleopment – Development of instruction

Implementation – Implementation of instruction

Evaluation – Evaluate instruction (formative and summative)


Analyze Learners

State Objectives

Select Media, Methods, and Materials

Utilize Media and Materials

Require Learner Participation

Evaluate and Revise

Actionscript 1+2 vs Actionscript 3

In my multimedia class I am teaching my students AS1 and AS3. I give the students examples of each. Now, what I found is that 20 of my 20 students are doing their final projects using AS1. Even the ones with programming experience. What does this tell me? Nothing that I dont already think. Adobe needs to continue to support AS1 because a lot of people prefer it. Plus those with limited programming experience can be more successful with flash. IMO, AS3 is only more powerful for larger projects, but not small projects.

What is Instructional Design?

I am asked this question quite often, especially at things like jobs interviews and by my students. They are looking for a one sentence answer, which is quite difficult because the field encompasses so much. However, I think I have developed a one sentence answer that should give people an understanding about what ISD is. Keep in mind, this definition is very high level:

A systematic process for developing instruction, which improves learner achievement of a learning objective that is measured through assessment. To improve instruction, models, strategies, and theories are used to assess the current situation, create learning objectives, develop instruction that meets those objectives, and then to develop an instrument to assess those objectives.

Here is an image that depicts my definition of Instructional Design:

Shutter Speed: Is it important?

Changing the shutter speed is unfortunately, not something most point and shoot cameras allow us to do. Generally we need one of the expensive Digital SLR cameras for this task. So why is shutter speed important? Well depending on the situation it may or may not be. A fast shutter speed is used for pictures with movement and/or action, such as a soccer game. A slow shutter speed is great for portraits. If you took a picture of someone running with a slow shutter speed, the picture may appear blurry and/or their could be a train behind the person running because the movement wasnt captured correctly. For instance, when you see a picture on the cover of sports illustrated of someone hitting a tennis ball, it looks as if everything in the picture is stopped because they used a fast shutter speed. Thus if you intend to use your digital camera for any type of action shots, it may be worth your money to invest in an SLR instead of the regular point and shoot cameras that most of us have.

Google Docs in K-12

Many of my graduate students, whom are teachers, have concerns/issues when I discuss implementing google documents into the k-12 classroom. This post is aimed at alleviating some of those fears. Here are some common questions and answers:

Is it secure?

Yes! Google docs is very secure and is used by many schools already. It can even be installed on your schools local server by you technology coordinator, so its not on the WWW.

Do kids need a gmail account?

No, no one does. In fact, you can create a fake login for each student so they cant be identified by anyone but yourself.

How can a teacher manage student documents?

The teacher can create each document and invite the students to collaborate. The teacher can then also see which document, and what part of that document, each student edited.

Google docs is a very easy tool to use and I am amazed at how much students enjoy using it. I usually get a lot more questions than just three, however, those are the main ones. For information on using google documents in the classroom check out:

Adobe Dreamweaver: Using a Template

This video shows you how to use a template once you have created a template and site. This is part 3 of a 3 part series on templates/sites.


Adobe Dreamweaver: Creating a Site

The following video shows you how to create a site in dreamweaver. I generally create a site before I create my template. this video is part 1 of 3, which shows you how to create a site, create a template, and use a template