STEM: What role do minorities have in STEM?

I think this graphic pretty much sums it up. Obviously in order to solve this problem we are going to have to invest a lot of time, money, and effort. Here are some interested facts about STEM. Please see this article for more details

1. A whopping 73% of scientists and engineers are white
2. African-Americans, American Indians, and Hispanics between 18 and 24 account for 34% of the total U.S. population but earn only 12% of all undergraduate degrees in engineering
3. The gap between educational achievement in STEM grows even wider at the graduate level.
4. Minority students report desiring to go into a STEM major at the same rate as their white and Asian peers
5. Minority STEM grads are less likely to use their STEM degrees in a future career than their white or Asian counterparts
6. Most foreign-born STEM workers come from Asia
7. California boasts the largest gap between minorities and STEM degree achievement.
8. While the overall percentage of 24-year-olds in the United States with STEM degrees is 6%, it’s just 2.7% among African-Americans and 2.2% for Latinos.
9. More minorities switch to another major when enrolled in a STEM program.
10. Minorities experience large gaps in honors course enrollments.